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The Monetary Authority of Singapore Introduces COSMIC To Protect FIs From Financial Criminals

The Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) has announced that it will introduce a digital platform and enabling regulatory framework for financial institutions (FIs) to share with one another relevant information on customers and transactions to prevent money laundering (ML), terrorism financing (TF) and proliferation financing (PF).

A common challenge that FIs in most jurisdictions face is that they are unable to warn one another about unusual activity in customers’ accounts. This gap is frequently exploited by financial criminals to make illicit transactions through a web of entities with accounts in different FIs, such that each FI on its own does not have sufficient information to detect these transactions in a timely manner.

The new digital platform, named COSMIC, for “Collaborative Sharing of ML/TF Information and Cases”, will enable FIs to securely share information on customers or transactions, where they cross material risk thresholds. Such information sharing will help FIs identify and disrupt illicit networks, thus helping to safeguard the Singapore financial centre.

The COSMIC platform is co-created by MAS and six major commercial banks in Singapore, namely, DBS, OCBC, UOB, SCB, Citibank and HSBC. It will have strong security features to prevent unauthorised access to information, and will be operated by MAS. MAS will provide in legislation that this information sharing by FIs is permitted only for the purpose of combating ML, TF and PF. MAS will also require all COSMIC participants to implement robust measures to safeguard against unauthorised use and disclosure of COSMIC information. MAS will supervise FIs for compliance with these requirements and take action against errant FIs.

While some other countries have introduced arrangements for information sharing among FIs, the COSMIC platform will be the first centralised platform where information is shared in a structured format that allows for seamless integration with data analytics tools. This will help FIs collaborate productively and at scale. COSMIC’s regulatory framework will also be unique in clearly specifying the types of information to be shared, and the circumstances under which information sharing will be permitted or mandated. MAS will use the information from COSMIC in its risk surveillance to detect illicit networks operating in the financial system and to target these activities for timely supervisory intervention.

MAS plans to launch the COSMIC platform in the first half of 2023. COSMIC will initially focus on three key financial crime risks in commercial banking, namely, abuse of shell companies, misuse of trade finance for illicit purposes, and PF. The six banks involved in COSMIC’s development, which are leading players in commercial banking, will participate and be permitted to share information in COSMIC during this initial phase. MAS plans to progressively extend COSMIC’s coverage to more FIs and focus areas and make some aspects of sharing mandatory.

Ms Loo Siew Yee, Assistant Managing Director (Policy, Payments and Financial Crime), said “COSMIC will significantly enhance our financial institutions’ ability to detect and curb suspicious activity, while minimising the impact on legitimate actors. The information-sharing framework is designed to target serious criminal behaviours and allow FIs to more quickly detect the bad actors to purge and deter them. It will strengthen Singapore’s position as a trusted financial centre and place to do business, where FIs can better serve the vast majority of legitimate customers.”

MAS seeks feedback on the proposed legislative framework for COSMIC, as well as the platform’s features. MAS invites interested parties to submit their comments on the proposals and legislative amendments, outlined in the consultation paper at the link here by 1 November 2021.


  • Francis is a journalist and our lead LatAm correspondent, with a BA in Classical Civilization, he has a specialist interest in North and South America.

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