The gaming industry is a high growth industry, growing revenue by 37% in 2020. This growth was sparked from the demand for gaming as a way to socialise and be entertained with many traditional leisure activities closed due to Covid-19 restrictions.
Peter Garnry is the Head of Equity Strategy at Saxo Bank, a Danish investment bank specialising in online trading and investment. Here he shares his thoughts on the gaming industry and its long-term profitability.
The gaming industry is not only a high growth industry it is also very profitable, but this, in turn, has lured big technology companies such as Apple, Google, Amazon, and Microsoft into the industry. The competition will likely increase but so will also the overall global revenue from gaming and analysts remain very positive on the 30 companies in our basket.
We have introduced five new equity theme baskets this year and we have many more coming. This is a good way to identify long-term trends in the economy but also a more exciting way to analyse the equity market during different volatility regimes. We are now launching our sixth equity theme introducing our Saxo Gaming equity theme basket consisting of 30 gaming stocks.
37% revenue growth in 2020
The gaming industry is a sprawling and fragmented industry with many companies deriving revenue and profits from other businesses than gaming. However, we have found 30 companies that we believe provide good exposure to the overall trend in gaming. The geographical split is good and as the segment column indicates exposure can be obtained either through graphics card manufacturers, streaming, or gaming developers. We have chosen the 30 largest gaming-related companies on market value so this list should not be viewed as our investment recommendations. We like gaming overall, but investors will have to do the due diligence on the individual companies themselves. Here is the top ten from that list:
- Tencent Holdings Ltd – Mobile games – 20.7% sales growth
- NVIDIA Corp – Graphics card – 52.7% sales growth
- Sea Ltd – Mobile games – 163.1 % sales growth
- Advanced Micro Devices Inc – Graphics card – 45.0% sales growth
- Nintendo Co Ltd – Video games – 9.0% sales growth
- NetEase Inc – Mobile games – 24.4% sales growth
- Activision Blizzard Inc – Video games – 24.6% sales growth
- Bilibili Inc – E-sport streaming – 77.0% sales growth
- Electronic Arts Inc – Video games – 11.9 % sales growth
- Nexon Co Ltd – Video games – 17.9% sales growth
As the data indicates the revenue growth rate is very high with 37% on average in 2020 as the pandemic impacted demand positively. Whereas other high growth industries such as e-commerce is running low margins have difficulties generating large free cash flows, the gaming industry is very profitable. Capital expenditures required are low and revenue can easily scale due to the digital nature of the business. EBITDA growth was 59% in 2020 and analysts are very positive on the industry with an average price target that is 16% above the current price.
Our gaming basket is up 5.8% year-to-date and up 101% the past year and up 772% over the past five years. Historic performance is no indication of future performance so investors should not put to much weight on these performance metrics. They reflect the high growth of gaming but what is relevant is whether the growth can continue for another decade.
The gaming industry will continue to grab the leisure market share
The pandemic was a game-changer for the gaming industry with many more users being exposed to gaming as sports events and general leisure activity closed. According to data on gaming consumption, the average American adult spends around an hour a day gaming socially online, and streaming of esports is gaining popularity. A good indication of this came in 2019 when the CEO of Netflix said that the company’s biggest threat was not Disney or HBO, but that of Fortnite, one of the most popular games in the world.
In 2019 before the pandemic emerged, the industry generated $120bn in revenue (see revenue breakdown below) and by 2021 it is projected that 2.7bn people will be playing games on one platform or another. The industry has benefitted a lot from smartphones allowing the industry to steal time from people commuting or when they have a spare moment. Many games are also designed around the same reward feedback loops invented by social media platforms increasing engagement (often just a positive word for addiction). The future of gaming will see fierce competition as the high profitable growth in gaming is luring in big technology firms such as Apple, Google, Amazon, and Microsoft into the industry. The expectation is that VR/AI will become dominant features of gaming in the future but so far Facebook’s bet with Oculus has not turned into the success everyone was predicting.
Key risks to consider
The pandemic has lifted revenue growth rates for all gaming companies and elevated their share prices and equity valuations. As society opens on the back of vaccines people likely prioritise socialising physically for some time and go to restaurants and cafés instead of playing video games. This could reduce revenue growth in 2021. In November 2019, China introduced new regulations that restrict playtime for minors as gaming can be addictive and especially because gaming developers have become better at designing games with reward feedback loops derived from learnings in social media. This Chinese regulation hit initially Tencent hard, but the Chinese company recovered as Covid-19 increased gaming consumption from the elderly population. Similar regulation could come to the developed world over time reducing time spent on gaming.
Other key risks are the difficulties as a gaming developer to constantly develop the next new game that will captivate users to keep growth high. There are several examples of gaming developers that lose their ability to innovate once successful. Big companies such as Apple, Google, and Amazon are also seizing opportunities in the gaming space following the footsteps of Microsoft. With these technology giants and their enormous distribution, they could become a big threat to existing gaming developers and their gaming platforms.
Many gaming stocks come with rich equity valuation which means that the implied equity risk premium is low. This means that rising interest rates impact the equity valuations more and thus the risk of rising interest rates in the US should be a key consideration for investors that want exposure to the gaming industry.