Acronis, a cyber protection firm, has released its latest cyberthreats and trends report for the second half of 2022. It found that phishing and the use of MFA (multi-factor authentication) fatigue attacks are on the rise. The latter being an extremely effective method used in high-profile breaches.
Conducted by the Acronis Cyber Protection Operation Centre, the report provides an in-depth analysis of the cyberthreat landscape. This includes ransomware threats, phishing, malicious websites, software vulnerabilities and a security forecast for 2023.
Of note, the report found that threats from phishing and malicious emails have increased by 60 per cent, and the average cost of a data breach is expected to reach $5million by next year. The research team who authored the report also saw social engineering attacks jump in the last four months, accounting for three per cent of all attacks. Leaked or stolen credentials, which allow attackers to easily execute cyberattacks and ransomware campaigns, were the cause of almost half of all reported breaches in the first half of 2022.
“The last few months have proven to be as complex as ever – with new threats constantly emerging and malicious actors continuing to use the same proven playbook for big payouts,” said Candid Wüest, Acronis VP of cyber protection research.
“Organisations must prioritise all-encompassing solutions when looking to mitigate phishing and other hacking attempts in the new year. Attackers are constantly evolving their methods. Now, they’re using common security tools against us – like MFA that many companies rely on to protect their employees and businesses.”
Report highlights: threat landscape sees new challenges
As security tactics and the technologies associated with them evolve, so do the threat actors trying to break into organisations and their ecosystems. The constant feed of ransomware, phishing and unpatched vulnerabilities demonstrate how crucial it is for businesses to reevaluate their security strategies.
Ransomware continues to be the number one threat
- Ransomware threats to businesses including government, healthcare, education and other sectors is generally getting worse
- Each month in the second half of this year, ransomware gangs added 200-300 new victims to their combined list.
- The market of ransomware operators was dominated by 4-5 players. By the end of Q3, the total number of compromised targets published for the main operators in 2022 were as follows:
- LockBit – 1157
- Hive – 192
- BlackCat – 177
- Black Basta – 89
- There were 576 publicly-mentioned ransomware compromises in Q3, a slight increase from Q2.
- The overall number of ransomware incidents decreased slightly in Q3. This followed a summer high from July to August when Acronis observed a 49 per cent increase in blocked ransomware attacks globally, but was then followed by a decrease of 12.9 per cent in September and 4.1 per cent in October.
- As the main threat actors are continuing to professionalise their operations, Acronis notes a shift towards more data exfiltration with most of the large players expanding their targets to MacOS and Linux systems, and consideration of cloud environments.
Phishing and malicious emails remain highly successful for threat actors
Between July and October 2022, the proportion of phishing attacks rose by 1.3x against malware attacks reaching 76 per cent of all email attacks (up from 58 per cent in H1’2022). This was in addition to spam rates. They increased by over 15 per cent — reaching 30.6 per cent of all inbound traffic.
The United States led as the country with the most clients experiencing malware detections at 22.1 per cent in October 2022, followed by Germany with 8.8 per cent and Brazil with 7.8 per cent. These numbers represented a small increase for the US and Germany, especially in financial trojans. Countries in APAC were not safe either. South Korea, Jordan and China ranked as the most attacked countries in terms of malware per user in Q3.
Analysing the 50 most email-borne-attacked organisations revealed the top targeted industries including:
3. Real estate
4. Professional services (computers and IT)
During this period, an average 7.7 per cent of all endpoints tried to access malicious URLs in Q3 2022. This was a small reduction from 8.3 per cent in Q2 2022.
Malicious actors continue to seek out and target unpatched systems
While software vendors release patches regularly or often, it is still not enough. Many attacks succeed due to unpatched vulnerabilities. Acronis has continued to observe and warn both businesses and home users that new zero-day vulnerabilities and old unpatched ones are the top vector of attack to compromise systems.
Microsoft case study:
- A phishing campaign targeted Microsoft users in September by using the news coverage of the passing of Queen Elizabeth II and impersonating “the Microsoft team” to bait recipients into adding memo text onto an online memorial board in September.
- Another large-scale phishing campaign was spotted targeting Microsoft M365 email service credentials. Specifically, at fintech, lending, accounting, insurance and Federal Credit Union organisations in the US, UK, New Zealand and Australia.
“Increased recognition that cybersecurity is a growing business risk is a welcome trend across all levels of enterprises,” said Michael Suby, VP research, trust and security at IDC. “The latest Acronis Cyberthreat report explores real-world examples from the second half of this year. It also offers practical recommendations to protect the people, processes, and technologies that drive modern enterprises.”