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The Predominance of Financial Services in the GCC To Accelerate ESG Practices

Sustainability has gained significant traction in financial services over the last few years, driven into centre stage by stakeholders across the board, including governments and regulators, investors, and clients themselves.

Environmental, social and governance (ESG) are central factors in measuring the sustainability and ethical impact of a company. Today, over 90 per cent of global emissions are now covered by net zero commitments.

In the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) alone, the financial sector is the largest contributor to the list, indicating that insurance companies have the potential to achieve high levels of ESG performance. Overall, GCC companies still have room to grow to meet top global performers with more mature ESG activity.

The latest report from the US consultancy firm Arthur D. Little, titled Actively Shaping the Future, highlights how the predominance of the financial sector in the GCC is likely to accelerate ESG practices.

Across the GCC region, the adoption of ESG requirements is largely optional, but the development of requirements remains ongoing.

The best ESG performers come from a variety of different backgrounds, with the financial industry being the mainstay at 30 per cent, followed by telecoms at 20 per cent and real estate at 10 per cent.

Out of major insurers in the GCC region, only half are disclosing ESG information, yet regional insurers are developing ESG practices and increasing maturity in ESG reporting, with key best practices emerging.

Other major regional public-private organisations are developing frameworks for involvement in ESG finance. Majid Al Futtaim, a retail conglomerate in the Middle East and Africa (MENA) region, is implementing a green finance framework to support its ESG activity. Saudi Arabia’s Public Investment Fund (PIF), a $430billion sovereign wealth fund that has been actively involved in the transformation of KSA, partnered with BlackRock on ESG finance.

Next, HSBC and Saudi National Bank (SNB) have created a sustainable finance framework making SNB the largest banking group in the KSA, creating the first sustainable finance framework.

The Red Sea Development Company was recognised as a global ESG leader in the real estate sector as sustainability has been a core guiding principle since the inception of the regenerative tourism project.

The Arab Federation of Exchanges currently references three ESG rating systems which cover companies in the region – Refinitiv ESG score being the most recommended as it is widely used and directly measures company ESG performance (vs. risk) offering a 97 per cent share of MENA sustainability leaders score out of 100 points.

Refinitiv rates ESG performance, commitment, and effectiveness across 10 main themes while accounting for industry and company size biases, examples include Aramco (44), Zain (68) and Emirates NBD (35).

Another main ESG rating system used in the region is S&P, one of the world’s biggest rating agencies which recently expanded into the ESG rating segment by combining the ESG profile of a company with the company’s readiness to cope with ESG topics; whereas MSCI has developed an ESG index that measures how well a company is prepared for ESG risks.

Andreas Buelow arthur d little
Andreas Buelow

“Key ESG indicators in the GCC are increasingly being linked to global initiatives such as the United Nationssustainable development goals and global reporting initiative standards,” comments co-author of the report, Andreas Buelow, who is a partner at the firm’s Bahrain office

“Seeing the financial sector in the region increase economic, social and governance reporting is a testament to how growth may increase reputation and value.”

Key regulatory requirements for selected GCC countries

The UAE was the first country in the region to commit to a net-zero emissions target and has undertaken large sustainability projects under its Net Zero 2050 Initiative, while also requiring mandatory ESG reporting from publicly listed companies.

The UAE market participants see opportunities in electric vehicles, charging, and carbon capture. Overall, 58 per cent of UAE investors see obstacles to ESG investing, and 91 per cent of issuers expect to be reallocating capital towards positive environmental and social outcomes to a substantial or noticeable extent in the next five years. Both issuers and investors want transparent data and guidance around ESG principles.

Kuwait Investment Authority (KIA), the third largest SWF in the world, recently announced it will make its entire portfolio compliant with ESG standards. The ESG objectives of Kuwait Vision 2035 are linked to four of the seven pillars of the country’s national development plan. Overall, Kuwait has developed state-level support for ESG and encourages listed companies to engage with voluntary ESG reporting.

In Saudi Arabia, the Ministry of Economy and Planning is the lead organisation realising KSA’s commitment to meet the UN Sustainable Development Goals, Vision 2030, and National Transformation Programme, overseeing major sustainability projects in the Kingdom, with the ultimate goal of reaching net zero by 2060.

KSA is active in sustainability initiatives in the region but has yet to develop private-sector ESG requirements. While Saudi Exchange has not developed ESG indicators, it recommends several international initiatives, such as the global reporting initiative (GRI).

Currently, ESG objectives are linked to three of the six pillars of Bahrain’s national development strategy: to maintain a safe and pleasant environment; achieve sustainable quality growth, and enhance the quality and accessibility of social services. While government stakeholders oversee specific aspects of ESG compliance, Bahrain encourages but does not require ESG reporting per se. Overall, Bahrain Bourse recommends companies report on 32 indicators: 10 environmental, 12 social and 10 governance indicators.

Main challenges that must be overcome:

  • Uncertainty over the definition of key terms leads to guesswork when setting and evaluating strategy.
  • The unavailability of quality ESG data across the supply chain underpins decision-making. For example, while the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) is exploring the digitisation of green finance, a lack of comprehensive, reliable end-to-end ESG data may hold back progress.
  • The absence of market standards when it comes to ESG ratings. For example, comparing the evaluations of different ESG rating providers across major banks shows wide variability between these different providers.
  • Missing incentives for financial institutions to focus on ESG while delivering expected shareholder returns.
  • A lack of knowledge and skills within banks is exacerbated by the need for a cultural shift to put ESG centre stage.
Georg von Pföstl, principal, financial services, Arthur D. Little Vienna
Georg von Pföstl

“Many of such challenges have been previously faced by other sectors on their ESG journey. However, unlike manufacturers or consumer goods companies, financial services companies do not provide physical products,” added Georg von Pföstl, principal, financial services, Arthur D. Little Vienna.

“While they can – and must – achieve net zero in terms of their operational footprint, true sustainability requires ensuring that clients and customers are also net zero. That means leveraging customer relationships and driving ESG impact by changing their behaviour and becoming an internal sparring partner to drive transformation, rather than simply excluding certain industries or clients.”


  • Tyler is a fintech journalist with specific interests in online banking and emerging AI technologies. He began his career writing with a plethora of national and international publications.

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