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Portugal and African Development Bank Expand Benefits of Lusophone Compact

Portuguese is increasingly becoming a language of business, and should therefore be used as a language within the African Development Bank explained Portuguese Foreign Affairs Minister João Gomes Cravinho, as he spoke to the African Development Bank group senior vice president, Swazi Tshabalala and members of the finance, and resource mobilisation departments.

Portugal has been a non-regional member of the Bank since 1983, and looks to continue supporting the Bank into the future. During the meeting which took place at the African Development Bank’s headquarters in Abidjan, both the Bank’s party and Cravinho discussed a variety of agreements between the country and bank and how they could be improved.

In November 2018, the African Development Bank, the government of Portugal and six Portuguese speaking African countries—Angola, Cabo Verde, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique and São Tomé and Principe, signed the Lusophone Compact agreement.

Cravinho said Portugal, which has viewed the African continent as extremely important to its foreign policy agenda, was keenly interested in the Bank’s assessment of the Lusophone Compact thus far. He said the Compact, developed to create a new mechanism of benefit to all the countries, could have an even greater reach. “Our sense is that it’s insufficiently known and probably insufficiently used,” Cravinho said, adding that Portugal stood ready to assist countries in maximising the benefits of the agreement.

The minister said Portugal was also keen to expand its ties with non-Lusophone countries such as Senegal, South Africa and Côte d’Ivoire, and to possibly extend the Lusophone Compact to those countries and beyond.

Agreements beyond the Lusophone Compact

The minister also expressed interest in the increased use of Portuguese as a language within the Bank. The Bank has five Portuguese-speaking African countries as members and Portuguese is increasingly a language of business, he said.

Tshabalala described the African Development Bank’s relationship with Portugal as growing. She said the Lusophone Compact had tremendous potential and its signing had strengthened the relationship further. She thanked Portugal for the Compact.

The bank’s group senior vice president also thanked the country for its contribution to the replenishment of the African Development Fund, the Bank’s concessional lending window, which covers several Lusophone Compact countries.

Tshabalala said Portugal’s support came at a “particularly difficult time for many African countries.” She added that she looked forward to continuing relationships with partnerships that delivered value. “We welcome the interest in expanding beyond the Lusophone countries – in terms of operations. Support is required to improve the environment,” Tshabalala said.

Working towards greater inclusion

The senior vice president noted that the African Development Bank had made meaningful progress, especially with a pipeline of transactions under the Lusophone Compact. The discussion revealed that great effort had been made to inform member countries of the Lusophone Compact. However, there was still not enough awareness of the benefits of the agreement to them. Bank staff explained that around 23 projects on the Lusophone Compact pipeline still require much work to be brought to bankability.

Cravinho expressed Portugal’s delight at the successful 16th replenishment of the African Development Fund in December 2022 (ADF-16). Portugal is also championing a proposal to allow the African Development Fund to borrow from capital markets. Its success in doing so would allow the African Development Bank to better fulfill its mandate. Portugal is in full support of this move, Cravinho said, especially given its focus on a green transition and concerted climate change action.

The discussions also touched on the Climate Action Window – introduced as part of ADF 16. The window covers 37 African Development Fund member countries, which are also among the world’s most fragile and vulnerable countries to climate change. Tshabalala said the Bank welcomed Portugal’s support for the window, which has a special focus on climate adaptation.

Niels Breyer, executive director for Portugal, Germany, Luxemburg, and Switzerland at the African Development Bank Group said the Bank was making progress on the development of a number of green initiatives. He noted that the Climate Action Window could really make a difference.

Accompanying the Portuguese foreign minister were Ambassador Maria Da Conceição Pilar, the country’s principal representative in Côte d’Ivoire, João Queirós deputy director-general responsible for foreign policy in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Advisor Carlos Teixeira, and Communication Advisor Rita Roque.


  • Francis is a journalist and our lead LatAm correspondent, with a BA in Classical Civilization, he has a specialist interest in North and South America.

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