The financial services industry is in the midst of a significant transformation, which has only been accelerated by the Covid-19 pandemic. Given the key role digitisation plays in the financial lives of more and more of the world’s population, electronic payments are at the epicentre of this transformation.
Payments are increasingly becoming cashless, and the industry’s role in fostering inclusion has become a significant priority. As digital money draws a stronger interest, the financial services industry must recognise the entire infrastructure of payments is being reshaped, with new business models emerging.
PwC’s survey reveals how even before the pandemic, cashless payments like sending a text to pay for a bus ticket in Turkey, or using a QR code to buy groceries in China are evidence of a steady shift to a digital economy – a shift that might ultimately lead to a global cashless society. With global cashless payment volumes being predicted to increase by more than 80% from 2020 to 2025, from about 1tn transactions to almost 1.9tn, and to almost triple by 2030.
According to the findings – Asia-Pacific will grow the fastest, with cashless transaction volume growing by 109% from 2020 to 2025, followed by Africa (78% from 64%), and Europe (64% from 39%), Latin America comes next (52% from 48%), and the US and Canada will have the least rapid growth (43% from 35%).
“A cashless world is in plain sight. The Covid-19 pandemic reinforced an already growing shift to digital payments and likely drove a three- to five-year acceleration in their use,” comments Kurtis Babczenko, Global Banking and Capital Markets Leader, and US Finance Transformation Leader at PwC. “The acceleration towards digital payments will create new opportunities for the entire payment ecosystem, including banks. But it will also expose weaknesses for those not prepared to adapt.”
PwC findings reveal the key themes that are influencing the payments industry and highlights the importance of how the industry responds to these trends. Leadership teams of financial services businesses must understand each of these trends in order to properly plan for their future:
- Inclusion and trust
In developing countries, financial inclusion will continue to be driven by mobile devices and access to affordable, convenient payment mechanisms. By 2025, smartphone penetration will likely reach 80% globally, largely via uptake in emerging markets such as Indonesia, Pakistan and Mexico.
2. Digital currencies
CBDCs (Central Bank Digital Currencies) are predicted to have the biggest disruptive impact over the next 20 years.
3. Digital wallets
Looking ahead, 86% of surveyed respondents agreed or strongly agreed with the prediction that traditional payment providers will collaborate with fintechs and technology providers as a main source of innovation.
4. Battle of the rails
Senior payment professionals surveyed expect important regional developments towards a payment infrastructure in which card and other transactions run on joint account-based payment rails. Key initiatives in Latin America, South-East Asia and Europe give testimony of this development.
5. Cross-border payment
42% of respondents said they felt strongly that there would be an acceleration of cross-border, cross-currency instant payments and B2B payments in the next five years.
6. Financial crime
Security, compliance, and data-privacy risks and related issues were the top concern for banks, fintechs and asset managers in implementing a fully integrated technology strategy.
Kurtis adds “Aside from this shift to a cashless society, we need to also pay attention to a more profound change. Not only are consumers saying goodbye to traditional ways of paying for goods and services – including the humble paper check and analogue invoices, but the entire infrastructure of payments is being reshaped.”
“That reshaping involves two parallel trends: an evolution of the front and back-end parts of the payment system (instant payments; bill payments and request to pay; and plastic cards and digital wallets); and a revolution involving huge structural changes to the payment mix and ecosystem (emergence of so-called ‘buy-now-pay-later’ offerings; cryptocurrencies; and work underway on central bank digital currencies.”